The Golden Spiral (Part 1)- Prof. B Ravi, IIT Bombay

Product innovators encounter several 'valleys of death' along the path from an idea to its impact. In this talk, Prof. B. Ravi shows how to connect education, innovation and translation in a 'golden spiral'. He explains four simple steps - see, tell, try and test - to kickstart a virtuous cycle of indigenous product development and manufacturing. The next two parts of this talk narrate stories of 'designed in India, made in India' products for metal casting and medical device sectors.

Metal Casting: Art to Smart (Part2) - Prof. B Ravi, IIT Bombay

Metal casting is the 'mother industry' that feeds all other sectors. It is a very complex process that depends on the skills and experience of foundry engineers, who struggle to produce good quality parts. Prof. B. Ravi narrates the story of developing a 3D casting simulation software that has helped several hundred foundry engineers to predict and prevent potential problems. He also describes how 12 scientists from different corners of India are working together to create a SMART Foundry - a tabletop system to quickly produce an intricate metal part in just a few hours.

Medical Device Innovation (Part 3) - Prof. B Ravi, IIT Bombay

In this talk, Prof. B. Ravi narrates three stories of innovative medical devices developed at BETiC in IIT Bombay -smart stethoscope, flexible laparoscopy instrument and above-knee prosthetic leg. Equally interesting and useful is the pathway from bedside to bench to business to bedside, which can be used by any one interested in developing products for healthcare sector. He also shares the critical ingredients to set up, strengthen, scaleup and sustain medical device innovation eco-system in the country.

Prof. B Ravi Interview session with Dr. Sarita Ahlawat

Here Dr Ahlawat asks Prof. Ravi his views on status of medical device innovation in India, associated regulations, how can more innovation come out of academics and what would it take to generate healthy interaction between academia and industry . Prof. Ravi also shared his journey in science .

Interaction session with students

In this interaction session audience present for Living Science session asked a range of questions on the current situation of innovation at the premier academic institutes. Prof. Ravi was also asked what role culture plays in shaping the thought process/mind set that is needed in innovating cutting edge technology.

Introduction to AI: Past, Present and Future - Prof. Mausam, CSE, IIT-Delhi (Complete Session)

On request of Living Science team Dr Mausam who is a researcher in the area of AI (Artificial Intelligence) gave an introductory lecture on "Artificial Intelligence (AI)" for the non experts. In this session Prof. Mausam discussed the history of AI and how AI become what it is now with examples of its successes and failures; Applications of AI in current world; future of AI in India; and standing of Indian when compared to other countries.

QnA session with Prof. Mausam, CSE, IIT-Delhi

After an introductory lecture on Artificial Intelligence (AI) by Prof. Mausam, he was asked questions that concern most students in IITs such as why still large number of B.Techs prefer to go abroad for their PhD; what can help student become more creative; how to balance work life and how can India become a significant player in research.

Business of Air Quality: Mr Barun Aggarwal, CEO Breathe Easy Consultants Pvt. Ltd.

Here Mr. Aggarwal in his short presentation on on High Air Pollution in Delhi NCR region talked about the causes of high air pollution in Delhi specially during winter season. Mr. Aggarwal also discussed the health issues caused by high air pollution and way to combat this very difficult and complicated situation by means of change in policies, regula

Education system and teaching methods: Prof. HC Verma, IIT- Kanpur (Part1)

Here in this session of Living SCience at IIT-Delhi, Prof. HC Verma in the presence of students of B.Tech, MSc and PhD was asked what role education in Science & Technology can play in taking India to a prominent status internally. Prof Verma also discussed the importance of curiosity driven education system , teaching values and importance of connecting with students at personal level.

IIT system of education: Prof. HC Verma (Part 2)

In continuation of discussion on education system in India Prof. Verma was asked to share his thoughts on constant demand to increase number of seats in IITs and the new IITs that have come up recently across the country. Prof. Verma was also asked how to encourage student participation in class; increase student population in IITs; time needed to prepare a lecture and how a student can know if he/she has found a right area to work on.

Effect of coaching system on creativity and professional training : Dr HC Verma (Part 3)

In this last part focus was on how to encourage creative thinking among students. We also discussed with Prof, HC Verma what affect coaching system that was taken roots in all streams of education has on independent thinking of students and how can our system fight it. Prof. Verma was also asked how and when he started writing his famous book "Concepts of Physics".

Affordability Innovation and Precision Medicine in Emerging Economies - Prof. Vijay Chandru

In this short lecture on "Affordability Innovation and Precision Medicine in Emerging Economies – the Case for India" by Prof. Vjay Chandru he give detailed background and history of human genomic sequencing. He also discusses the use of this technology in precision medicine. Prof. Chandru also explain the scope of this technology in India and in that contribution of Strand Life Sciences.

QnA session with Dr Vijay Chandru, Chairman & Managing Director, Strand Life SCiences (Part-1)

After a short talk on Genomics and its application in Health Care, Prof. Chandru was asked technical and non-technical questions. Present audience also wanted to small details about the process human genome sequencing works; how much time is required and what the costs involved in per gene or multiple gene sequencing. Prof. Chandru was also asked his view on ethics of DNA sequencing and Govt. regulations in this area.

QnA session with Dr Vijay Chandru, Chairman & Managing Director, Strand Life Sciences (Part-2)

Several times researchers face problem in interacting with doctors in communicating about the latest research or use of new applications in medical science. Prof. Chandru was asked to share his experience of working with medical doctors and ways to communicate effectively. From policy point of view to understand where Delhi has gone wrong, it was also asked why is that Banglore has become a center of innovations and also place or origin of several Biotech companies.

Small Things Considered: Enteric Infections In India: Dr Gagandeep Kang

Here Dr Kang explained what is infectious diarrhoea and its causes. She also discussed in terms of number of infections where does India stands and what steps can be taken by the general and government to manage the situation . Dr Kang also explained the complex link between infection, nutrition and cognition.

Q&A session with Dr Gagandeep Kang, Executive Director, THSTI

We asked Dr Kang to explain how clinical research is done in the field and why are large teams needed to manage such studies. We also asked why vaccines need to be tested again in the general population before administration in the entire population; her experience of working with rotavirus vaccine; challenges of being women scientist and art of managing work and life well.

Higher education system in India- Prof. Pankaj Jalote, Director, III T-Delhi

Prof. Pankaj Jalote has been in academics for a very long time and has taken great interest in improving higher education system and policies by writing extensively on issues of education. Here Prof. Jalote discusses his views on higher education system in India. He argues why learning based system is a better way to increase creativity and innovation among younger engineering students than the conventional teaching based system.

QnA session with Prof. Pankaj Jalote, Director IIIT-Delhi (Part-1)

After a brief introduction on the topic of "Higher Education" Prof Pankaj Jalote answered the questions that concern students; young researchers and faculty members. Here Prof. Jalote shared with us how IIIT-Delhi was established and what its long term goals are, and how it is planing to be financially independent. He also briefly discusses the concept of tenure system for faculty members that IIIT-D started in India for the first time.

QnA session with Prof. Pankaj Jalote (Part-2)

Living Science through its interaction with the thinkers in the area of higher education and research is exploring the reasons India is not able to enroll the truly brightest students in its premier academic institutions. Here Dr Jalote was asked what can be done to make the entrance exams coaching proof; how students can be made creative after admission; why it's important for student to be engaged in other intellectual activities and what institutes can do encourage innovation from students.

Science and Innovation: Bridging the Gap between Knowledge Creation and Knowledge Application- Prof. PVM Rao, IIT-Delhi

Here the topic of discussion is " How Science Can be of Direct Benefit to Society". Prof. PVM Rao of IIT-Delhi taking examples of the work from his laboratory in the form of refreshable Braille demonstrates how the development technology at research institutes can be useful to the visually impaired segment of our society. Here Prof. Rao explains the challenges of developing technology indigenously which can also be economically affordable. Prof. Rao finishes his talk with the exciting research problems that his group is currently addressing.

QnA session with Prof. PVM, Rao,Head, IDDC, IIT-Delhi

After a short talk on "Science and Innovation: Bridging the Gap between Knowledge Creation and Knowledge Application", Prof. Rao answered some of the questions of Living Science team. Here we asked Prof. Rao why would IIT-Delhi a premier Engineering institute would become first to add a unique basic, hand-on experience course such a NIN-100 to introduce engineering to the entering B.Tech class ( Prof. Rao is the coordinator of the new course NIN-100). We also asked him to share his thoughts on issues that concerns bit B.Tech and PhD students at IIT-Delhi. Prof. Rao also reflects how higher education system and research facilities can be improved in India.

QnA session with Dr Soumya Swaminatha, DG, ICMR

Following the presentation by Dr Soumya Swaminatha on her work on Tuberculosis Living Science team asked her several questions. Dr Swaminathan candidly answered all the questions posed on the status TB eradications from India; strategies used by government in helping researchers find better cure and diagnosis of TB; threat of drug resistance in TB; complications of misdiagnosis etc.

P, NP and Approximation Algorithms: Prof. Naveen Garg, IIT-Delhi

This is a short lecture on "The P versus NP problem" by Prof. Naveen Garg of Computer Science department at the IIT-Delhi. Here Prof. Garg clearly explains a very hard topic without the use of technical language or supporting proofs to non-computer science students. With such lecture series Living Science ( aims to increase enthusiasm among students for interdisciplinary areas of great importance.

QnA session with Prof. Naveen Garg, CSE, IIT-Delhi

Here Prof. Naveen Garg is answering questions of B.Tech, M.Tech and PhD students with computer and non-computer science background following his lecture ( on "The P versus NP problem" . He was asked questions on topics ranging from educations system to science policy in India and on his research work. Prof. Garg answered all of them enthusiastically.

Navigating Complexity by Common Sense: Some Personal Lessons - Prof. Ashutosh Sharma, Secretary, DST

Citing examples from his own personal experience as a researcher and teacher at IIT-Kanpur for more than two decades, Prof. Ashutosh Sharma discusses the importance of common sense in science, role creativity can play in synthesis of new research areas and impacting society in a very positive manner and work from his laboratory. Prof. Sharma also empathizes how thinking beyond one's work and relating it to other areas of research can lead to interesting and meaningful findings.

Impact of Biotechnology on Science and Society: Dr Navin Khanna, ICGEB New Delhi

Here Dr Navin Khanna describes his journey in science starting from his days as a PhD student in AIIMS, New Delhi and shared valuable lessons that he learned through his training in Canada and USA as a postdoctoral fellow. He also talked about the most celebrated product out of his laboratory, "Dengue diagnosis kit" in addition to other projects that too were successfully launched in market in the form of diagnosis kit.

Question and Answer session with Dr Navin Khanna, ICGEB New Delhi

Here Dr Navin Khanna share his experience of working at ICGEB, with sudents He are gues lack of resources can be companeatsed by being intensenly disciplined, and with the excuecution of creafully planning experiemnt, well thought out , " Dr Khanna also addresses the question oftin raised by scenec community nad society alike : whys is that Indian reserach institutes are not able to priduce drug , vaccines, diagnostic kisrt etc at the pace required by the society with a very positive and realistic out look.

Challenges and future of innovating in India- Prof. V Ramgopal Rao, Director IIT-D

In this talk Prof. Ramgopal Rao shared his journey of innovating various technological devices for Healthcare, Agriculture and defense from IIT-Bombay. Early in his career at Electrical Engineering department as a Professor, Dr Rao realized the importance of interdisciplinary research. He also discussed the challenges his group faced in taking innovation to prototype to market. Prof. Rao finished his talk with suggestions that Govt. can take to make the innovation easier for young researchers and also gave advises that scientists can follow to be successful.

Question & Answer session with Prof. V Ramgopal Rao, Director IIT-Delhi

Students and faculty members from IIT and ICGEB, New Delhi present in the session asked Prof. Rao many questions on topics such as why is Indian Science not where it need to be; Why is that India does not have equivalent of West infrastructure for innovation in it's IITs and research institutes, or how is that in India we can have rigorous FDA equivalent testing machinery which can help innovators build credibility in the market. Prof. Rao very patiently and candidly answered all the questions raised by the audience.

Session on values, ethics and professionalism by Prof. Rajeev Sangal, director IIT-BHU

Prof. Rajeev Sangal felt there was a need for introduction of course on Human Values and Ethics in regular curricula after teaching B.Tech students for a very long time. To understand the area he along with Drs Gaur and Bagaria also wrote a book on the subject by the title " A foundation course in Human Values Ethics" and introduce the course at IIT-Hyderabad. In this session Prof. Sangal discusses the topics such values, focus, goal and purpose of life.

QnA with Pro. Rajeev Sangal - Part-1

Professor Sangal helps students understand how to find a goal in life ; how to enjoy PhD; what to do when the goal is not the right goal. He also advises that by understanding the situation without being blinded by emotions one can deal with almost any crisis in professional or personal life.

Prof. Rajeeb Sangal on how to manage PhD and career well (QnA- Part-2)

In this last part of interaction session Prof. Sangal strongly argues finding happiness in whatever you do as a profession is absolutely essential. It brings peace and creativity. Once we are peaceful, truthful creativity will be a natural outcome and will lead to original work or science.

Prof. M Balakrishnan, IIT-Delhi : SmartCane designing and making in India. (Part-1)

SmartCane a non-contact stick now used routinely by visually impaired in India was designed and developed by Prof M Balakrishnan and his group at IIT-Delhi. Here Prof. Balakrishnan discusses how his team started working on this idea and the challenges that they had faced along the way. He also shared the joy of working with and for the visually impaired.

Prof. M Balakrishnan: Development of On-Board and of Tactile books for visually impaired (Part-2)

Here Prof. Balakrishnan first discussed the specific challenges faced by visually impaired people in India while traveling independently and the need for Tactile books. Tactile books help visually impaired people imagine scenery and other objects. Prof Balakrishnan shares the success story of On-Board device that his team had developed and tested in Bombay on BEST buses for local independent traveling of Visually impaired.

Q&A-2 session with Professor M Balakrishnan, IIT-Delhi

Prof. Balakrishnan discussed the idea and need behind his development of tactile books and the On-Board device for the visually impaired people. Prof. Balakrishnan also answers questions on the importance of feedback from users and all associated parties.

SmartCane demonstration by Prof Balakrishnan (Part-3)

Students surprised Prof. Balakrishnan by asking him to demonstrate them the operation of the SmartCane. Prof. Balakrishnan in sporting spirit showed student how the SmartCane is used and also provided minor working details and few shortcoming of the device.

Prof. L S Shashidhara - Impact of Science on Society

In this series of special sessions Prof. LS Shashidhara discusses the positive impact of Science on Indian society post independence and how it translated into generating confidence among Indian scientists. He presented examples of success stories that transformed many areas and improved millions of lives across India. Prof. Shashidhara also argued that India could effectively apply Western world developed technologies to its advantage in Defense or Health Care because it had well trained people in Science & Technology that were product of Indian education system. Finally Prof. Shashidhara suggests with incremental improvement in Indian education and research system, India can become a major contributor in Science & Technology world wide.

QnA session with Professor L S Shashidhara, IISER Pune

In the second part of special sessions with Prof. Shashidhara, he addresses questions on, under performance of Indian Science when compared to smaller nations in Europe; quality education system in India; allocation of research funds on Basic vs applied science and generating confidence among students.

GMO plants, research system in India and value in interdisciplinary approach- Dr SK Sopory (Part-2)

In this part Dr Sopory discusses challenges faced by the researchers in India in bringing GMO plants to the framers and the important role proper regulations can play in making the process easier. Dr Sopory also talks about differences in Universities and Institute systems when it comes to research and also emphasized on the value of cross disciplinary collaborations in finding solutions to complicated problems.

Student Q&A session with Dr. S. K. Sopory

Living Science students surprised Dr Sopory by seeking his frank opinion general problems faced in research during PhD. Students also asked why is that in general in research more weight is given to the work experience than to teaching experience.

Green Homes for India : Enabling India get 50% of its Power from Solar by 2030

In this session of Living Science Prof. Ashok Jhunjhunwala describes the concept of Solar-DC, its advantages and why this technology is particularly better for powering India. He also gave specific examples where this technology with his ideas is already in use in rural parts of India in Rajasthan, Oridisa and Asam. Prof Jhujhunwala also discusses the challenges faced by this technology and what might take them to solve.

Lecture 8: Microfluidics (Part 1: T-sensor, H-Filter, and Droplet Microfluidics), Dr Supreet Singh Bahga, IIT-Delhi

The field of microfluidics deals with transport phenomena in miniaturized channels with dimensions of order 10-100 micrometers. In this part, we look at how fluid handling operations in chemistry and biology laboratories can be integrated on a small microfluidic chip. The flow physics at micro-scale differs significantly from that at macro-scale. Dr. Bahga discusses how interesting flow regimes at micro-scale can be used for performing controlled reactions, immunoassays, filtration, and highly parallel reactions in droplets.

Lecture 8: Microfluidics (Part 2: Electrokinetics, Electro osmotic Flow, Electrophoresis, Isotachophoresis ), Dr Supreet Singh Bahga, IIT-Delhi

Electrokinetic transport deals with motion of fluid and charged species under the effect of electric field. In this part, we look at how electric fields can be used in microfluidic devices to drive fluid flow and transport solute with minimal dispersion. Next, we discuss how electrophoresis techniques such as capillary zone electrophoresis and isotachophoresis can be integrated on a microfluidic chip. Dr. Bahga provides applications of electrokinetic transport in microfluidic chips for DNA separations, sample purification, and sequence-specific nucleic acid detection.

What is Science : Dr Kanury Rao, THSTI, Haryana

In this special session of Living Science the concept of what actually science is, is explored. What do we understand of science and what is our notion of science are discussed. The topic of "How is science different from practice of religion" is touched too. The idea of this session is to inspire to think deep and in abstract form.

What is Science: Dr Kanury VS Rao (Part-2)

In this part of the interaction session the group ventured into finding "If Traditional Knowledge is Science" and how is that it can be merged into main stream drug discovery practices.

Lecture 7: Basics of Microscopy- Part 3, by Dr Kedar Khare, IIT-Delhi

Super-resolution microscopy is an emerging microscopy technique that can beat the diffraction-limit and achieve imaging with nanometeric resolution. This can make a significant difference in imaging of smallest details of cell and its structures. Building on the previous parts on Basics of Microscopy Dr Khare discusses super-resolution microscopy techniques: such SIM, STED and STROM in very basic terms.

Prof. K VijayRaghavan- Innovation in Biotechnology sector & QnA session with students (Part 2)

Dr. VijayRaghavan talks about prospects and challenges of bio-entrepreneurship in India. He also discusses how government is helping to encourage innovation and R&D in industry and what role individual scientists can play to take their discoveries to market and not get intimidated by the “Valley of Death”. He suggested if all steps to help young researches are taken carefully India has the potential to become the next center of future innovations. In the end Dr. Vijay Rghavan takes some questions directly from the students of Living Science.

Ambedkar and the Idea of Equality: Dr Soumyabrata Choudhury, JNU, New Delhi

This talk by Dr Choudhury is based on four ideas of equality: predicative, axiomatic, generic, and dispositional equality. All four ideas are to be found in the works of Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar. Equality with reference to social, economic, religious and educational predicates concerned Ambedkar through his life’s work from the earliest Temple Entry movements in the 1920s. This is a part of special series initiated by Living Science team for science students to ponder deeply on something other than their research topic.

Physics Noble Prize 2014 explained by Dr Uday Khankhoje, IIT-Delhi

A light (pun intended) introduction to blue LEDs and the background story of the 2014 Physics Nobel prize. Dr Khankhoje also talk about how personal drive, years of hard work, and, dedication can lead to a Noble Prize worthy discovery in-spite of many challenges and technical hurdles.

Anomaly of Kabir: Dr Milind Wakankar, IIT-Delhi

To provide science students another avenue to recharge their creativity, Living Science has started a new series where philosophy, literature, art & music will be discussed by the experts of the area. This series is started with the awareness that all successful scientists have at least one serious hobby be it playing some musical instruments (Einstein played violin), listening to classical music or even participating in dramatics. The talk by Dr Milind Wakankar addresses a curious form of affiliation in Kabir. On the one hand there was probably a unique and irrepressible philosopher bearing that name who signed a small set of poems. On the other hand, for the past five hundred years legions of poets (belonging mostly to the very poor) have composed Kabir poems that are signed under his name, not their own.

Dr. Satyajit Rath - Academic Scholarship [Part 1]

Dr. Rath addresses some of the most important questions that a young researcher faces in relation to finding a mentor, selecting a research area, and communicating relevance of their work to the society.

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